Gross Pay vs. Net Pay: What’s the Difference?

Every salaried person will face confusion between gross pay and net pay at least once in their lifetime. Understanding the difference between those two pay scales will let employees know how much they are going to receive on their payday. In basic terms, a salary is a fixed amount paid by the employer in exchange for services provided by the employee.

Modern companies prefer to use paystub makers or paystub generators for processing their employees’ payroll. Because of that, everything is automated and online, so it becomes essential for employees to know about their pay in detail to get a clear understanding of their pay.

This article briefs about gross pay and net pay along with essential details that make you understand the differences between them.

Well, before getting into the core topic, let’s brush up with some basics.

What is gross pay?

Gross pay can refer to the aggravated amount released by the company/organization to its employees without any deductions. Well, if you are unaware of those deductions, go check with your offering letter provided by your company. Under the payment section, you can find the complete details regarding deductions.

Here is the list of a few deductions every employee would find on their pay stub.

  • Income tax
  • Medical allowance
  • House allowance
  • Conveyance allowance
  • PF contribution, etc.,

At the same time, gross pay would include the details of bonuses and payments related to overtime, holidays, and so on, which may differ in time. All those details can be easily identified from the pay stubs generated using check stub maker free or free paystub maker.

How Is Gross Pay Calculated?

“Gross is the maximum amount of salary an employee can receive from their employers. It includes all tax amounts.

A Formula to Calculate Gross Pay

Gross pay = Basic Salary + Tax amount + PF contribution + All Allowances

What is Net Pay?

Unlike gross pay, net pay refers to the amount of money taken home by the employee after all deductions from gross pay. Employee pay stubs generated using a free paystub generator or any other pay stub maker will include all those payroll deductions. Some of the deductions may be voluntary, while others would be mandatory as per the terms of the employer.

Here are the lists of factors that affect the net pay amount of an employee.

  • Federal Income Tax Amount
  • State Income Tax
  • Medical Allowance
  • Retirement Savings
  • The Social Security wage

How Is Net Pay Calculated?

The net pay amount of an employee would always be less than the gross pay. It is calculated by deducting all the penalties implemented by the employer and all other compulsory taxes, including pension contributions.

Formula to Calculate Net Pay

Net Pay = Gross Salary – Application Deductions – Income Tax (TDS) – Pension Contribution

What Is The Difference Between Gross Pay & Net Pay?

Here are the lists of the most significant differences between gross pay and net pay.

  • Gross salary is the amount without deduction of any annual compensation, whereas net pay is the remaining of all deductions from the gross pay.
  • Gross pay is always high when compared with Net Pay.
  • Net pay is always dependent on the gross pay amount.
  • Gross pay includes all the benefits offered by the employer, but net pay is the amount received by the employee at hand.


Finding differences between gross pay and net pay seems to be a complicated process, but in reality, it is quite simple. Calculating paychecks with all those gross pay and net pay details would be a daunting task for employers. So, preferring a paystub generator online would be the best and wisest choice to make things easier.

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